Amazons, who lived on the territory of Kazakhstan
Joanna K will write a book about the Amazons, who lived on the territory of Kazakhstan Ref: zakon.kz/197166-dzhoanna-kimblvud-napishet-knigu-ob.html
The researcher - Joanna K, who is writing a book about the Amazons that lived on the territory of our country, arrived in Astana. The representative of one of the oldest feministic organizations in the USA, is going "to try" the matriarchy of ancient nomads to the realities of modern civilization.
- My book will be devoted to the matriarchy of Bronze Age - tells Joanna. Why did I choose the Kazakhstan? Just because the most obvious evidence of the dominance of women in the vast territory preserved precisely here - in the center of Eurasia. At the beginning of the century, the famous scholar Jeannine Davis-Kimball, from the American Research Institute of Eurasia, confirmed the truthfulness of the words of ancient authors, including Herodotus. In the ancient kurgans, near the place called Pokrovka, on the border between Russia and Kazakhstan, were found skeletons of women, who were buried with their weapons. In the graves, dating back VI-IV centuries BC, were discovered iron swords, daggers, bronze arrowheads, bows, quivers, and horse harness. This has led to the assumption that in this culture, women warriors had a high social status.
- Representatives of the German television channel ZDF filmed a thriller about the research of Jeannine Davis-Kimball and told to the whole world that the direct descendants of the Amazons -are present Kazakh women.
- Recently I was at the lecture of Dr. Davis-Kimball, where she told about her research study. She dedicated almost twenty years to study Amazons. In particular, in 1994, she studied kurgans in South Russia and North Kazakhstan that to find the remains of female warriors. In the kurgans were found thighbones of women with signs of contusions and deformation of tailbone. These women spent most of their lives on horseback. There she found a full set of weapons, including a bow with arrows, daggers and bronze armor. Were found so-called women akinakes. They differed from the male weapons that ... were decorated with pearls. And in 2004 year, to this study joined the molecular anthropologist - Ioahimm Burger, from the German city called Mainz. Scientist has studied the DNA of the remains of female warriors that were found on the banks of the Volga and Ural. Then, was conducted the study of women from the border villages of Kazakhstan and Russia in terms of their kinship with the Amazons. Imagine his surprise when the DNA of Meiramgul Kapasova, a resident of the East Kazakhstan region, was kindred to the DNA of Amazon Queen that was found in the Ural. Most interesting thing that distance between them is decent - something about fifteen hundred miles.
- Earlier you claimed that your research will be more ideological. Allegedly you are going to answer the question: how did the matriarchate appear and disappear, and what it gave to mankind?
- An image of a female Amazon -is a collective, enigmatic and mysterious. It tickles the imagination of men around the world. Probably the first of them was Herodotus. According to his stories, the ancient Greeks somehow attacked the Amazons, who lived on the Island near the African continent. Allegedly the local women were particularly brutal and killed all the men in their society. They continued their genus, by becoming pregnant from male prisoners who were held as slaves. The captured Amazons were taken to Greece on a ship. During the trip, women attacked their captors and killed them. But Amazons did not know how to operate the vessel. Wind drove the ship across the Black Sea to the North. Soon, they attached themselves to shore of Scythian lands. Herodotus wrote that the Amazons concluded an agreement with the Scythians, and soon themselves become part of the community of steppe horsemen, becoming with Scythian men in marriage. This legend may be true somewhat. For example, in ancient time, when Sarmatian man was going to marry the girl, he summoned her to the wrestling mat. If he won, he became her husband, and if lost, he became a slave. An echo of this custom exists among the Kazakhs in the national pastime "Kiz kuu".
- So, nevertheless feminists were right in asserting that the marriage - is a legalized slavery of women?
- The majority of Kazakh scientists believe that matriarchate was a part of indigenously pagan culture. The power of women was unlimited in the Bronze Age, and it appeared when the institution of marriage was missing. When woman was free, she held beside her several men, who competed for the right to win her favor. But soon the men realize that if a woman will belong only to some one, it will be easier to the monogamous pair to take the power in their hands. Thus arose the institution of marriage, which ended the power of women. That's what I'm going to write the book in the United States. And I intend to trace it on the example of the steppe Amazons.
- How do you think, did matriarchate survive in some form among Kazakhs? Will you share some visual observations?
- It seems to me that in Kazakhstan, all is permeated by matriarchate. And it kept on a particular mental level. In Kazakhstan, about women- warriors still speak with aspiration. For example, the name of Saks Queen- Tomiris – is one of the most popular names among infant girls. Moreover, I was told that breast augmentation surgery is very rare in Kazakhstan. That is the traditions of beauty don’t include the huge outstanding nature decorations. Interesting fact that in translation from Greek language, the word "amazon" means "without chest." I am sure that Amazons didn't burn their chest for the convenience of archery range, just because of their anthropological type that was not inclined to the outstanding bust.